Written in collaboration with NASA Public Affairs
“We are going!” is the battle cry for NASA’s Artemis campaign to fly a human-rated spacecraft farther than any other in the history of space exploration. The historic mission seeks to land the first woman and person of color on the moon, establish the first long-term human-robotic presence on and around the moon and, eventually, send the first astronauts to Mars.
Kennedy Space Center’s (KSC) Exploration Ground Systems (EGS) could be considered the bow that will launch Artemis’ arrow in the form of Artemis I, the first uncrewed integrated flight test of NASA’s Deep Space Exploration Systems: the Space Launch System rocket (SLS) and Orion spacecraft.
EGS develops and operates the equipment and facilities required to connect a spacecraft and rocket, transport the launch vehicle to the launch pad and launch it into space. Historically, the work centered around a single kind of launch vehicle—such as Saturn V or space shuttle. Today, however, EGS is preparing the infrastructure for several kinds of spacecraft and rockets, including the SLS and Orion spacecraft.
Among EGS’ ranks are more than 25 Florida Tech alumni who lead, program, implement and will launch the Artemis I maiden mission around the moon. From engineers and analysts to managers, business people and computing experts, these Panthers have dedicated their careers—some, for decades—to prepare this first-of-its-kind infrastructure and capabilities.
Meet some of EGS’ Florida Tech alumni and see what they’re working on as they count down to liftoff.
Mobile Launcher 1 & 2
The 400-foot ground structures that are used for assembling, processing and launching the Artemis program missions. Mobile Launcher 1 (ML1) will launch the first three missions; Mobile Launcher 2 (ML2) will incorporate structural modifications and lessons learned from ML1.
Fun Fact: ML1 weighs about 11.3 million pounds!
John Moss ’12 M.S., Deputy Project Manager, ML2
Keith Braun ’98, Ground Integration Engineer, ML1 and ML2
Jason McCaw-Binns ’07, ’09 M.S., Lead Ground Integration Engineer, ML1
Lauren-Ann Graham ’20, Mobile Launcher Ground Integration Engineer, KLXS III contractor
Space Launch System (SLS)
The world’s most powerful rocket and the only one capable of sending Orion, astronauts and cargo to the moon on a single mission.
Fun Fact: While SLS has greater power than its predecessor, Apollo’s Saturn V, it is over 40 feet shorter!
Dion Ramiscal ’94, SLS Core Stage Operations Project Engineer
Launch Pad 39B
Originally designed for the Saturn V launch vehicle, EGS recently implemented modifications to upgrade it to a “clean pad” able to launch a variety of rockets, including the SLS.
Fun Fact: The pad’s Ignition Overpressure and Sound Suppression System dumps 400,000 gallons of water—enough to fill 27 average-size pools—on the mobile launcher and inside the flame trench in less than 30 seconds!
Sunita Ramnarinesingh ’09, ’12 M.S., Project Manager, Launch Pad 39B
Kristin Kendall ’95, ’96, Project Manager, Launch Pad 39B
Josiah Ruelas ’20, Launch Site Integration Engineer/Payloads
Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB)
The central hub of NASA’s multiuser spaceport. From shuttles to external fuel tanks to solid rocket boosters, the VAB serves as the final assembly point for a variety of rockets, spacecraft and their parts—often, simultaneously.
Fun Fact: By area, the VAB is one of the largest buildings in the world—525 feet tall, 518 feet wide and covering 8 acres. Also, it is home to the largest American flag—209 feet by 110 feet—painted on the side of the building.
Martyn Eastwood ’80, Project Manager, KLXS III Contractor
Multi-Payload Processing Facility
KSC’s “gas station” for fueling rockets and payloads with hazardous commodities.
Skip Williams ’80, Mission Integration Operations Manager
Williams and his team are responsible for preparing, fueling and processing hazardous commodities for space-bound vehicles—including the Orion spacecraft, which they have fueled and readied for its Artemis I mission around the moon. Once it has splashed down, the team will process Orion again to remove any residual hazardous materials.
Outside of the Artemis program, EGS’ mission is to transform KSC from a government-only launch complex to a spaceport capable of managing a variety of both government and commercial spacecraft and rockets.
Sasha Sims ’07 M.S., Chief of Staff
As chief of staff, Sasha Sims ’07 M.S. facilitates collaboration among the leadership team, aiming to balance competing priorities for the Artemis mission.
John Kunkle ’02, ’05 M.S., Chief, Ground Integration
With oversight of both Artemis I and Artemis II-IV launch campaigns within his direct work scope, John Kunkle ’02, ’05 M.S., and his team translate mission requirements into the necessary KSC ground support equipment and infrastructure for an array of KSC operations and launches.
Darrell Foster ’91, Ground Systems Integration Manager
Darrell Foster ’91 is a Brevard County native and Florida Tech legacy who was hired by NASA before he even graduated. Today, he leads the design, development and testing of KSC ground systems and infrastructure, overseeing several cross-functional project teams that consist of hundreds of people who enable critical launch processing requirements for the SLS, Orion and other NASA spacecraft.
José J. Amador ’91, ’94 M.S., ’01 Ph.D., Project Manager, Ground Control Subsystem (KGCS); Co-Lead, Integrated Product Team, KGCS/GSE Software
Marcia Groh-Hammond ’83 M.S., Logistics Lead
Jill Clark ’03, NASA Programmatic Integration Lead
Michael Thompson ’17, NASA Operations Project Engineer
Nadia Shokrani ’20 M.S., Cross Program Schedule Analyst
Curtis Byrd ’84 M.S., Budget Analyst
John “Paul” Douglas ’97, Cross Program Integration Engineer, KLXS III Contractor
Frederick Stotz ’12 M.S., Test Project Engineer, TOSC Contractor
Melanie Murphy, Finance Intern
Launch Control Center (LCC)
Houses software enabling communication between launch team operators in Firing Room 1 (located in the LCC), team members in the VAB, mobile launcher and Launch Pad 39B, the astronauts aboard Orion, controllers at the Air Force Eastern Range and other NASA control centers.
Sharif Abdel-Magid ’10, ’15 M.S., NASA Test Director
Like a conductor to an orchestra, NASA test directors such as Sharif Abdel-Magid ’10, ’15 M.S., are masters at ensuring that process protocols are executed according to exact procedure and timing.
Rebecca Mazzone ’04, ’09 M.S., Command and Control Modeling and Simulation Team Training
Randal Goodmon ’83, Facility Element Operations Manager
Landing and Recovery
Underway Recovery Test-7 (pictured) is one in a series of tests that EGS, in conjunction with the U.S. Navy, is conducting to validate procedures and hardware that will be used to recover Orion.
Fun Fact: The USS John P. Murtha is the ship tasked with recovering Orion from the Pacific Ocean, about 60 miles off the coast of San Diego.
Christine St. Germain ’07, ’08 M.S., NASA Test Director
Raymond Francois ’20, Orion Operations Engineer, TOSC Contractor
This piece was featured in the fall 2022 edition of Florida Tech Magazine.